The “INOvative energy MANagement System for cargo SHIP” (INOMANS²HIP) project is a €3million EU Framework Program 7 funded project in response to the call SS7.2010.1.1-2 “Energy efficiency of cargo ships”.
Currently, shipping produces 1000 million tons of CO2 per year, around 4.5 % of the world’s annual CO2 emissions. Due to increasing concerns over emissions from shipping, more stringent legislation and the need to become more competitive through reducing fuel consumption, there is a growing demand for more energy efficient ships.
INOMANS2HIP aims to explore and develop smart energy management strategies to reduce on-board CO2 emissions. This will be achieved using a holistic approach to investigate the integration, implementation and combination of novel energy generation, storage and power distribution network. It will consider the mature technologies (diesel engine generators, driven alternators, alternator-motors, gas turbine generators, steam turbine generators, shore connections and batteries), as well as state-of-the-art innovations (energy mechanical recovery on engine exhaust, steam or vapor power generation, systems coupling steam and gas turbine recovery energy), and future innovations in development (power storage, solar power, thermo-electricity, heat recovery at variable running mode, fuel cells, wind power). For all power generation and consumers, their use on-board will depend on the power control availability (fully controlled, linked to other ship’s parameters or external dependant) and their operational profile (steady or variable, during long or short period), in addition to their characteristic parameters such as voltage, maximal power, energy produced, electric current quality, fault sensitivity, size, etc.
The main challenges consist in designing power architectures and management control strategies for the integration of various types of energy technologies of different sizes and operating profiles, in order to obtain through a reduction of fuel consumption, therefore emissions and costs.
The general focus of INOMANS2HIP is:
- To develop advanced tools needed to aid in the implementation of the next generation of energy efficient, low emission shipping,
- To explore the benefits of implementing innovative renewable & energy recovery technologies on-board cargo ships,
- To develop methods for the optimized use and management of novel on-board energy production, storage and distribution technologies,
- To develop novel AC/DC electrical distribution network architecture for the integration of state-of-the-art energy storage and generation technologies,
- To create environmental and cost optimization through advanced life-cycle, risk assessment and cost analysis power technology models.
Numeric simulations based on the advanced models and architectures designed during the project will demonstrate the achievements of the INOMANS2HIP project’s objectives applied to a reference ship. As a reference ship, the project selected a Ro-Ro ship sailing between UK and NL as it provided the required operational and power profile to be suitable for implementation the power technologies being investigated.